Narcissism has a definition in modern psychology, but also a long history in the culture of the West. This address goes back to the deep roots of the Western understanding of narcissism, looks at the myth itself and the poem of Ovid, the commentary of Plato, and modern philosophical vestiges of the ancient western fable. The paper takes the vantage point of Plato in that narcissism is said to involve the preoccupation with one’s reflection in the eyes of other people, and posits the view that narcissism is not only limited to individuals. Preoccupation with one’s image is a characteristic of nations as well. This address will be published in written form in a Bond University Press book shortly to appear, edited by Jonathan Ping.